Facilities and disease control

Facilities and disease control

I own and run a boarding business from my barn. What trusted-source, best practices should I consider for disease control?

One of the major concerns of equine facilities is disease control. An outbreak can wreak havoc on your horse population and your reputation. It is wise to do a risk assessment and have a protocol in place at your facility. You can be found legally liable for failing to provide reasonable care to horses in your custody. It is highly recommended to consult with your veterinarian when developing this protocol, and to consider following:

  1. Are the horses in your facility constantly leaving the property for shows or events? If so, they are at an increased risk of exposure to disease.
  2. Have there been disease outbreaks in your area? Be aware of what is happening in your area and what you can do to avoid a potential spread of the disease.
  3. Take into account the type of horses you keep, the population density and your ability to isolate or quarantine as needed.
  4. If your horses are attending shows/events, what types of controls or regulations are in place at that event to address disease control?

You should consult with your insurance agent regarding the need for care, custody, and control coverage. Also consider the below vaccination guidelines for disease control established by The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP). See www.AAEP.org for more in depth info.


Core vaccinations:

  1. Eastern/Western Equine Encephalomyelitis
  2. Rabies
  3. Tetanus
  4. West Nile Virus

Risk-based vaccinations

  1. Anthrax
  2. Botulism
  3. Equine Herpesvirus (Rhinopneumonitis)
  4. Equine Influenza
  5. Equine Viral Arteritis
  6. Leptospirosis
  7. Potomac Horse Fever
  8. Rotaviral Diarrhea
  9. Strangles

Facilities and disease control
This document is intended for general information purposes only, and should not be construed as advice or opinions on any specific facts or circumstances. The content of this document is made available on an “as is” basis, without warranty of any kind. This document can’t be assumed to contain every acceptable safety and compliance procedures or that additional procedures might not be appropriate under the circumstances. Markel does not guarantee that this information is or can be relied on for compliance with any law or regulation, assurance against preventable losses, or freedom from legal liability. This publication is not intended to be legal, underwriting, or any other type of professional advice. Persons requiring advice should consult an independent adviser.  Markel does not guarantee any particular outcome and makes no commitment to update any information herein, or remove any items that are no longer accurate or complete. Furthermore, Markel does not assume any liability to any person or organization for loss or damage caused by or resulting from any reliance placed on that content.

*Markel Specialty is a business division of Markel Service, Incorporated, the underwriting  manager for the Markel affiliated insurance companies.
© 2022 Markel Service, Incorporated.  All rights reserved. 
Was this helpful?