Camp security planning – Steps you can take to support your security efforts

A recent survey of our camp clients found that many are interested in ways to establish a better camp security plan or enrich the one they currently have in place. While there are a variety of resources available to address these opportunities (one being your local law enforcement agency), a useful resource is the National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) 730 Guide for Premises Security - 2014 edition. As you visit your camp’s safety and risk management plans for 2016, this material can help strengthen your current plan.  According to the NFPA, a security plan should include but not be limited to the following:

  1. Statement of purpose
  2. Organizational policies and procedures
  3. Description of the facility and organizational structure
  4. Security vulnerability assessment, including threat assessments and risks (steps for conducting a security vulnerability assessment were covered in our Camp Risk Management News Vol. 2.2013. You can find this and other camp-related risk management articles in Markel’s risk management library).
  5. Instructions for using the plan
  6. Description of the features of protection
  7. Organization’s security-related measures and procedures
  8. Information needed to implement the security measures and procedures
  9. List of the intended users of the plan
  10. Plan distribution list
  11. Location of the master copy
  12. Organization for security operations
  13. Procedures for employee, visitor, and vendor safety.
Additionally, the guide provides the following insights on key objectives for a security plan. A security plan should address the following security objectives:
  • Restrict area perimeter – secure and monitor the perimeter of the facility
  • Secure site assets – secure and monitor restricted areas or potentially critical targets within the facility
  • Screen and control access – control access to the facility and to restricted areas within the facility by screening and/or inspecting individuals and vehicles as they enter, including the following:
    • Measures to deter the unauthorized introduction of dangerous substances and devices that may facilitate an attack or actions having serious negative consequences
    • Measures implement a regularly updated identification system that checks the identification of facility personnel and other persons seeking access to the facility and that discourage abuse through established disciplinary measures
  • Deter, detect, or delay – deter, detect, or delay an attack, creating sufficient time to implement countermeasures between detection of an attack and the point at which the attack becomes successful
  • Shipping, receipt, and storage – secure and monitor the shipping, receipt and storage of hazardous materials for the facility
  • Theft and diversion – deter theft or diversion of assets
  • Sabotage – deter insider sabotage
  • Response – develop and exercise an emergency plan to respond to security incidents internally and with assistance of local law enforcement and first responders
  • Monitoring – maintain effective monitoring, communications, and warning systems, including the following
    • Measures designed to ensure that security systems and equipment are in good working order and inspected, tested, calibrated, and otherwise maintained
    • Measures designed to regularly test security systems, note deficiencies, correct for detected deficiencies, and record results so that they are available for inspection
    • Measures to allow the facility to promptly identify and respond to security system and equipment failures or malfunctions
  • Training – ensure proper security training, exercises, and drills of facility personnel
  • Personnel surety – perform appropriate background checks on and ensure appropriate credentials for facility personnel, and as appropriate, for unescorted visitors with access to restricted areas or critical assets, including the following
    • Measures designed to verify and validate identity
    • Measures designed to check criminal history
    • Measures designed to verify and validate legal authorization to work
    • Measures designed to identify people with terrorist ties
  • Elevated threats – escalate the level of protective measures for periods of elevated threat
  • Significant security incidents and suspicious activities – identify, investigate, report, and maintain records of significant security incidents and suspicious activities in or near the site
  • Officials and organization – establish official(s) and an organization responsible for security and for compliance with these guides
  • Records – maintain appropriate records
It is always recommended that you review your security plans with your local law enforcement agency. Their support and awareness of your plan can help contribute to its success. Lastly, review and practice your plan frequently so everyone is aware of their responsibilities.

Ref:National Fire Protection Agency (2014), NFPA 730 Guide for Premises Security (2014 Edition), Quincy, MA

The information provided in this article is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as all encompassing, or suitable for all situations, conditions, and environments. Please contact us or your attorney if you have any questions.

For safety or risk management questions or suggestions, please contact Markel.

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